China has had postal services for about 2500 years, but its modern postal system — the Customs Post Office of the Qing Empire — was established by Robert Hart in 1878. It had branch offices in five of the country’s major trading cities.
This organization changed and was renamed a few times, following the political situation of the country. It was renamed the Great Qing Post in 1896, became independent of the customs service in 1911, and was renamed Chunghwa Post in 1912. During the struggle between the Nationalist and Communist governments, both parties issued their own stamps. With the victory of communism in 1949, the postal services were renamed General Postal Administration. The current name is China Post Group Corporation.